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Phonics and Reading

Bysing Wood has a strong desire to promote a love of reading in all our pupils from Nursery to Year 6. Children are encouraged to look at and read a variety of books and texts both at school and at home.


Individual Reading

At Bysing Wood Primary School we use a graduated system mainly based around the PM reading scheme which the children begin when they start in Reception. Each pupil chooses their own book from the level they are currently assessed at and changes it as appropriate. Pupils are assessed regularly and move to appropriately challenging levels when they have shown they can understand and fluently decode in their current level. The children may read aloud with a member of staff or volunteer on a regular basis. 


Whole Class Reading

From Year 1 to Year 6 children take part in whole class reading teaching, three times a week. Each session begins with a starter activity, which is often an image, that children of all abilities can discuss and answer questions verbally about. The teacher then models reading a text and teaches a reading skill. The teacher then teaches some vocabulary to the children based on the text they are going to read. The children then read a text and implement and practice the skills that have been taught. To end the session, the children discuss their answers to the questions. Within our whole class reading a range of fiction, non-fiction and poetry texts are used to share a wide variety of genres to children. 


Reading for Pleasure

At Bysing Wood we promote reading for pleasure. There is time dedicated each day to the children to read a text of choice, either independently or with a friend. Each class also has as class text that they read for pleasure. This could be a picture book, a chapter book, a non-fiction book, an audio book or a poem. 


Reading at Home

Children are expected to read at home daily with their parents and carers and bring their reading book and completed reading record to school every day. As pupils become more proficient readers they learn to select/change their own texts in the same way that we would as adults.



Phonics is an important and integral part of our daily routine at Bysing Wood. We use Letters and Sounds, which begins in our Nursery. When children begin Year R, they recap Phase 1 and then move onto learning the letter sounds in Phases 2 and 3. Once they are confident with Phases 2 and 3, they will spend time on Phase 4 where the focus is application to reading and writing. In Year 1, children learn Phase 5, which is the alternative digraphs. It is our aim that by the time children reach Year 2, they have a strong phonics knowledge so that they can move onto spelling lessons. 

Having reviewed our phonics provision resources, in light of the DfE Systematic Synthetic Phonics Programme validation, we are moving to Essential Letters and Sounds during terms 5&6.




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